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PART IV (1899-1910)

Thomas E. Jeffrey Lisa Gitelman Gregory Jankunis David W. Hutchings Leslie Fields


Theresa M. Collins Gregory Field Aldo E. Salerno Karen A. Detig Lorie Stock

Robert Rosenberg Director and Editor


Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site New Jersey Historical Commission Smithsonian Institution

University Publications of America Bethesda, MD 1999

Edison signature used with permission of McGraw-Edlson Company

Thomas A. Edison Papers at

Rutgers, The State University endorsed by

National Historical Publications and Records Commission 18 June 1981

Copyright © 1999 by Rutgers, The State University

All rights reserved. No part of tills publication including any portion of the guide and index or of the microfilm maybe reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means— graphic, electronic, mechanical, or chemical, includingphotocopying, recordingor taping, or information storage and retrieval systems— without written permission of Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

The original documents hi this edition are from the archives at the Edison National Historic Site at West Orange, New Jersey.

ISBN 0-89093-703-6


Robert A. Rosenberg Director and Editor

Thomas E. Jeffrey Associate Director and Coeditor

Paul B. Israel

Managing Editor, Book Edition Helen Endick

Assistant Director for Administration

Associate Editors Theresa M. Collins Lisa Gitelman Keith A. Nier

Research Associates

Gregory Jankunis Lorie Stock

Assistant Editors Louis Carlat Aldo E. Salerno

Secretary Grace Kurkowski

Amy Cohen Bethany Jankunis Laura Konrad Vishal Nayak

Student Assistants

Jessica Rosenberg

Wojtek Szymkowiak Matthew Wosniak


Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Francis L. Lawrence Joseph J. Seneca Richard F. Foley David M. Oshinsky New Jersey Historical Commission Howard L. Green

National Park Service John Maounis Maryanne Gerbauckns Roger Durham George Tselos Smithsonian Institution Bernard Finn Arthur P. Molella


James Brittain, Georgia Institute of Technology R. Frank Colson, University of Southampton Louis Galambos, Johns Hopkins University Susan Hockey, University or Alberta Thomas Parke Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Peter Robinson, Oxford University

Philip Scranton, Georgia Institute of Technology/Hugley Museum and Library Merritt Roe Smith, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Charles Edison Fund The Hyde and Watson Foundation National Trust for the Humanities Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation

PUBLIC FOUNDATIONS National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities

National Historical Publications and Records Commission


Alabama Power Company



Atlantic Electric

Association of Edison Illuminating Companies

Battelle Memorial Institute The Boston Edison Foundation Cabot Corporation Foundation, Inc. Carolina Power & Light Company Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.

Consumers Power Company Cooper Industries Corning Incorporated Duke Power Company Entergy Corporation (Middle South Electric System)

Exxon Corporation

Florida Power & Light Company

General Electric Foundation

Gould Inc. Foundation

Gulf States Utilities Company

David and Nina Heitz

Hess Foundation, Inc.

Idaho Power Company

IMO Industries

International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley II. Katz Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Midwest Resources, Inc.

Minnesota Power New Jersey Bell New York State Electric & Gas Corporation

North American Philips Corporation Philadelphia Electric Company Philips Lighting B.V.

Public Service Electric and Gas Company

RCA Corporation

Robert Bosch GmbH

Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation

San Diego Gas and Electric

Savannah Electric and Power Company

Schering-Plough Foundation

Texas Utilities Company

'Iliomus & Betts Corporation

Thomson Grand Public

Trunsamerica Delaval Inc.

Westinghouse Foundation Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

A Note on the Sources

The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.


Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited. In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.



1903. Automobile (D-03-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the design and operation of automobiles and the use of storage batteries in electric vehicles. Included are letters to and from John M. Lansden, Jr., of the Birmingham Electric & Manufacturing Co., Levi C. Weir and Arthur Herschmann of the Adams Express Co., and Alexander Churchward of the General Electric Co. regarding the use of Edison storage batteries and electric motors in automobiles.

1903. Battery - Primary (D-03-02)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the primary batteries produced by the Edison Manufacturing Co. Many of the items are letters from William S. Logue, sales agent, to William E. Gilmore, vice president and general manager, concerning the use and potential sales of the batteries and the activities of competitors in the field. Many of the documents pertain to competition from, and legal action against, James W. Gladstone, former sales manager for the Edison Manufacturing Co., who began to manufacture similar cells after leaving the company in June 1903.

1903. Battery - Storage - General (D-03-03)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the commercial and technical development of Edison's alkaline storage battery. Included are letters concerning the progress of Edison's battery work and the materials to be used. Also included are two undated letters from Edison to Herman E. Dick regarding the composition of cells and the anticipated cost of producing them.

1903. Battery - Storage - Foreign (D-03-04)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the patenting, manufacture, and sale of Edison storage batteries in Europe. Most of the items are letters to or from Herman E. Dick, who was authorized by Edison to exploit the battery commercially throughout Europe and who extensively tested and promoted the cells during 1903. Some of the letters contain brief references to Dick's involvement in the commercial exploitation of Edison's ore milling process. Also included are letters to and from Sigmund Bergmann, who was planning to manufacture Edison's storage batteries at his factory in Berlin.

1903. Dick, Herman E. (D-03-05) [not selected]

This folder contains correspondence and other documents pertaining to the personal finances and travel of Herman E. Dick, son of the former Edison associate, A.B. Dick. Herman E. Dick was involved with, among other matters, the commercial exploitation of Edison's storage battery in Europe.

1903. Edison, T.A. - General (D-03-06)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to a variety of subjects. Included are documents that deal with more than one subject or that do not fall under the main subject categories in the Document File. Among the items for 1903 are letters from longtime Edison associates, Charles Batchelor, William J. Hammer, Thomas C. Martin, and Josiah C. Reiff, as well as letters from John H. Harjes, John H. Kellogg, and the firm of Pilling & Crane.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Articles (D-03-07)

This folder contains correspondence requesting Edison to write articles, correspondence relating to articles about Edison or his inventions, and letters from journalists seeking to interview him. Included is a statement that Edison made to the New York Herald on New Year's Eve. The statement and three items with substantive Edison marginalia have been selected.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Book and Journal Orders (D-03-08) [not selected]

This folder contains correspondence and other routine documents relating to the ordering of books and journals. One item pertains to Edison's effort to cancel his subscription to Iron Ore.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Clubs and Societies (D-03-09)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Edison's membership and activities in social clubs and professional societies. Included are items pertaining to the American Motor League, the Young Men's Christian Association, the Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, and other groups.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Employment (D-03-10)

This folder contains correspondence from or about employees and prospective employees. There are also letters soliciting Edison's opinion regarding former employees seeking positions elsewhere. Most of the correspondence relates to employment requests for the West Orange laboratory.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Family (D-03-11)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents by and about Edison's family. Included are numerous letters pertaining to the financial difficulties of Thomas A. Edison, Jr., and William Leslie Edison and their involvement in schemes to exploit the Edison name: the Thomas A. Edison Jr. Chemical Co. and the Edison Automobile Co. Also included are letters by and about Charles F. Stilwell, the brother of Edison's first wife, and items concerning Mina Miller Edison's loss of a diamond ring.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Financial (D-03-12) [not selected]

This folder contains routine correspondence and other documents relating to Edison's personal investments and other financial interests. Included are items pertaining to Edison's promissory notes and accounts, as well as routine letters from J. P. Morgan & Co. concerning payment of the monthly stipend provided by Edison to his daughter, Marion Edison Oeser.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Name Use (D-03-13) [not selected]

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the use of Edison's name, whether authorized or unauthorized, for advertising, trademark, or other purposes. Among the documents for 1903 are items pertaining to the Edison Polyform and Manufacturing Co.; Edison obesity pills and Edison cigars; an Edison school, employment bureau, and bicycle; and the illegal use of Edison's name by a fortune teller and an electrical supply company. One undated document refers to the Edison Music Co. of Philadelphia. Related documents can be found in the Legal

Department Records. Items concerning the use of the name 'Thomas A. Edison, Jr." can be found in D-03-1 1 (Edison, T.A. - Family).

1903. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Advice (D-03-14) [not selected]

This folder contains routine correspondence suggesting improvements in Edison's inventions, asking him for advice on technical matters, or requesting his assistance in improving or promoting inventions. Also included are unsolicited letters from inventors about their work. No record of a significant response by Edison has been found for any of these items.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Business (D-03-1S) [not selected]

This folder contains routine correspondence from individuals requesting agencies for Edison's inventions or seeking to do business with him.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Unsolicited Correspondence - Personal (D-03-1 6) [not selected]

This folder contains routine personal requests, fan mail, and other items for which no record of a significant response by Edison has been found. Included are letters asking Edison for educational advice, personal information, advice about x-rays, charitable contributions, exhibits of his inventions, and other favors.

1903. Edison, T.A. - Visitors (D-03-1 7) [not selected]

This folder contains routine letters of introduction and routine requests to visit Edison or tour his West Orange laboratory. Substantive letters from individuals who visited the laboratory or company shops on business can be found in the appropriate subject folders.

1903. Edison Manufacturing Company (D-03-1 8) [not selected]

This folder contains routine correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Manufacturing Co. Included are items pertaining to real estate, advertising, and the use of phonoplex circuits. Other items in the Document File relating to the Edison Manufacturing Co. can be found in D-03-02 (Battery - Primary) and in D-03-24 (Motion Pictures).

1903. Exhibitions (D-03-1 9)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents concerning electrical and industrial exhibitions. The items for 1903 all pertain to the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition (World's Fair) in St. Louis. Included are letters from Samuel Insull encouraging Edison to participate in a historical exhibition of electric light and power technologies.

1903. Fort Myers (D-03-20)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to Edison's home and property at Fort Myers, Florida. Most of the items consist of communications between Edison and his caretaker, Ewald Stulpner, regarding landscape improvements, construction projects, and the shipment of supplies to and from Fort Myers.

1903. Glenmont (D-03-21)

This folder contains correspondence, bills, and other documents relating to the furnishing and maintenance of Glenmont, Edison's home in Llewellyn Park.

1903. Mining - General (D-03-22)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to mining and ore milling. Included is correspondence with the firm of Pilling & Crane regarding the status of the Hurd iron mine and assays of zinc ores. Also included is an inquiry enclosing an Edison letter from

1903. Mining - Dry Placer Process (D-03-23)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents regarding Edison's dry placer process for the separation of gold ore. Included are items pertaining to orders of equipment and supplies as well as letters between Cloyd M. Chapman, Edison's mining engineer, and mine owners.

1903. Motion Pictures (D-03-24)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the production and commercial development of motion picture films. Included are items pertaining to film stock and film copyrights; competition with the Armat Motion Picture Co. and the American Mutoscope & Biograph Co.; and the exploitation of foreign markets. Among the correspondents are William E. Gilmore, vice president and general manager of the Edison Manufacturing Co.; John R. Schermerhorn, assistant general manager; F. K. Dolbeer, manager of the Credit Department; Walter S. Stevens, manager of the Foreign Department; James H. White, European sales manager of the Edison Manufacturing Co., Ltd.; and attorney Howard W. Hayes.

1903. Patents (D-03-25)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to foreign and domestic patent applications, patent litigation, and other patent matters. Most of the material consists of letters to Edison from his attorneys. There are also some items pertaining to the dissolution of the firm of Dyer, Edmonds & Dyer and the formation of the partnership of Dyer & Dyer.

1903. Phonograph - General (D-03-26)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the technical and commercial development of phonographs. Among the items for 1903 is a series of letters to Edison from William E. Gilmore, president of the National Phonograph Co., pertaining to foreign sales and manufacture of records and to Edison's relationship with the company.

1903. Phonograph - Edison Phonograph Works (D-03-27)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the business of the Edison Phonograph Works. Many of the items, including a series of reports from the Pinkerton National Detective Agency, pertain to a strike at the Works that began in September A representative sample of the Pinkerton reports has been selected

1903. Phonograph - Moriarty, Stephen F.

(D-03-28) [not selected]

This folder contains bills and correspondence pertaining to the personal affairs of Stephen F. Moriarty, formerly vice president of the Edison United Phonograph Co.

1903. Radio (D-03-29)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the technical and commercial development of wireless telegraphy or radio. The items for 1903 consist of correspondence and memoranda pertaining to the stocks and bonds of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co.

1903. West Orange Laboratory (D-03-30)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the operation of the West Orange laboratory. Included are lists and memoranda made by Edison concerning tasks to be done and chemicals and equipment to be obtained. Also included are letters pertaining to insurance, postal and express deliveries, laboratory letterhead, and the laboratory time clock.

1903. X-Rays (D-03-31)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to x-ray technology and the dangers of x-rays. Included are items regarding news stories of Edison’s overexposure to x-rays and the ill health of Clarence M. Dally, a former laboratory employee who sustained radiation burns in 1896. There are also letters from William J. Hammer concerning the procurement of radium and the status of technical knowledge within the field.

1903. Automobile (D-03-01)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the design and operation of automobiles and the use of storage batteries in electric vehicles. Included are letters to and from John M. Lansden, Jr., of the Birmingham Electric & Manufacturing Co., Levi C. Weir and Arthur Herschmann of the Adams Express Co., and Alexander Churchward of the General Electric Co. regarding the use of Edison storage batteries and electric motors in automobiles.

Approximately 70 percent of the documents have been selected. The items not selected consist primarily of correspondence regarding materials used in electric and gasoline vehicles, including rubber samples and parts ordered from the B. F. Goodrich Co. and other concerns.

"TQ 1L crv i*<uwA.o

I take pleasure in introducing to you Mr. Arthur Herschmann, Mechanical Engineer, of our Company, who will be glad to sit at your feet and gather your ideas about a wagon. Mr. Hersohmann has had considerable experience in the line of automobiles

and is therefore not so great an ignoramuB as an ordinary draughtsman would be, and so I think he will be able to catch your ideas and put them on paper to your satis¬ faction and mine. When he has the sketch made, I Bhall hope to go out with him in the automobile and see you.

YourB very truly,

Mr. Thomas A. Edison, Orange, N.J.


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Thomas A. Edison Edison Laboratory

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My dear Edison ,

I send you to-day per special post 4 punched gear wheels , corresponding in size and number of teeth as you have sent out of raw- hide ; these pinions are only punched and rivited together.

I wish you would give them an Edison test on one of your Automobiles and let me know the result.

I also send you back the raw hide pinions which you have sent.

YourB very truly

C fj . ''

Menlo park, N. J.

Pear Sir:-

You will not remember me, as you never saw me Tout once, and that was at a reception to you in Port Huron when 1 was a youth, hut you will know who I am when I tell you that I am the eldest son of John Edgar Miller, of Port Huron.

I do not, however, wish to trespass upon the old boyhood friendship between you and my father, except in so far as to call your attention to the enclosed article from the Los Angeles Times of Feb. 15th.

I am an enthusiastic user of automobiles, and heretofore used the gas explosion and White steam types. I would very much like to know how authentic the enclosed article is, and whe re and how soon a machine with one of your new batteries could be secured.

I enclose a circular, fac-simile of which was issued by Messrs. JJ. W. Harris & Co., Perry, Coffin & Burr and E. H. Rollins Sc Sons, which will show you my field of activity. It seems quite a coincidence that I should be at the head of an "Edison Electric Company."

I trust that it will not too greatly inconvenience you to devote a f ew moments with your stenographer to the inquiries I have

Thomas A. Edison,

Et. Myers, E!

Dear Sirs

Mr. A. Churchward of the General Electric Company, whom I have just only "been able to see, advises that the two motor ar¬ rangement, to his mind, would not he practical. He thinks the two motors will he much more expensive, and on account of their small size inefficient; he also thinks that he has no motor small enough. He will let me have a blueprint of a motor such as he ad¬ vises to use and upon reoeipt of the latter I will make another de¬ sign. In this I would again use a compensating gear unless ad¬ vised by you that you wish to abide by the two motor arrangement in spite of what I have written above.

Yours respectfully.

Mechanioal Engineer .


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New York, February 27th 1903

Thomas A.Edison, Esq.,

Fort Meyers, Fla.

My dear Mr .Edison,

I have received the test cells and have just gotten ray testing board finished, but have not received the instruments yet. Expect them in a day or two when I shall start in a series of tests.

In regard to running one of the D.L.& W.cars with your batteries, would say that taking the distance between New York and

Morristown at 25 miles and 12 stopB per mile, with a maximum

. -

acceleration of 6/10 of a mile per hour^which iB standard steam car practice, the cars making 35 miles an hour maximum would be able to make a schedule speed of 25 miles an hour. 40 seoonds at starting the car would take 160 K.W. and 60 K.W.when running at full speed on the level. The average energy for one hour would be 70 K.W. Taking the car with extra motors and controllers, it would weigh 30 tons without batteries. By putting on 5 tons of batteries, it were possible to make about 100 miles, and as under the very best conditions and proper starting it would take 70 K.W., it would seem necessary to put on a great deal more battery and, of course, the energy necessarily would go up in proportion.

I saw Mr.Htrschman of the Adams Express Co., and he tells me that you have decided not to use a single motor and differential gear on the small 3000 lb. delivery v/agon. If you use two motors the


efficienoy would be low and the weight much higher per horue power than with single motor and differential. There are a lot of differentiala on the market which are very simple and which are not liable to get out of order. Where the power and wagon are I think it advisable to use a single motor and differential.

Have you started anything on the drawings for the run¬ abouts yet? I have your book and am writing it up now, and will send it to you the latter end of next week.

I have a letter from Mr. George Hays that the batteries for Mr .D 1x4.8 oarrigge would not be ready for at least four or five weeks. If satisfactory to you, I will rush a motor through at lynn so that the rig can go over complete with one of our latest motors. Kindly let me know as soon as possible in regard to this so that I can start ahead with the motor.

Yours very truly, *

de*. c£~JL,



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ga inti-ready to clisouse- the elect

When you are again^-ready to disousff the electric truck I shall he pleased to bring drawings over to your laboratory.

I am still waiting to hear from Mr. Churchward who is

Incidentally, beg to state that I have, during the last week, conceived an idea how to overcome the "hummel* action due to the weight of the suspended motor, and that with very little change to the method now in universal use I oan avoid this action.

Mechanical Engineer,


New York, April 1,1903

Mr. J. M. Lansden, Jr.,

Bimmingham Eleotric & Mfg.Co.,

Birmingham, Ala.

My dear Mr. Lansden,

Mr .Hill has sent me copy of your letter in regard to the automobiles 34 and 35. 1 note what you say in regard to

dropping the voltage on these motors, hut from a good deal of experience in these low voltage motors in the last year, would say that 1 do not think it advisable to build a motor below 47 volts.

It is perfeotly feasible, ofcourse, to build, them for lower voltage, but the commutator loss goes up very rapidly, and l think it advisable to put in the extra oellB and get a better motor.

Eor mstanoe, the motor used on the Baker wagon is 20 volts, and stands still on 6.2 volts. This is what 1 consider a very great loss. Again, the controller becomes difficult to keep from burn¬ ing due to large currents, and from a number of experiments which we have lately made a very slight bum ..will have a higher re¬ sistance than the rest of the circuit, so everything points to keep¬ ing the voltage aB high as possible.

In regard to winding of the motor, would say that it will be a series wound motor with two sets of field coils which will be at full speed and the last notch in multiple. In starting and the intermediate points up to the last but one, the fields will be in series, which will give the greatest possible torque with the leaBt amount of current and will give, therefore, really two running points, the last and last but one, which will correspond with your data with a rig weighing 240o lbs. of 14.6 miles an hour and about


10 miles an hour, without the use of any resistance. I find this series parallel arrangement of the field very useful in starting, as it ,d|dts down the excessive current and at the same time gives a maximum torque with minimum ourrent for had roads and for man¬ euvering. The controller will have shout six or seven points forward; the first point being the high resistance which, on throw¬ ing the reversing switch, will act as an eleotric brake for long coasts down hill. This 1 find relieves the mechanical brakes very rauoh. The next four points will be simply resistance points and used for starting cad maneuvering and are not running pointB,and the last two points with the fields in series and multiple, respeotively, are really the only two running points.

1 suppose you propose to use 2V2 or 3 inch Bolid tires, as your energy consumption seems to correspond to that. Where are you going to place the motor, and what kind of differential are you going to use? Also the type of chain? I should like to have you write me and let me have all the points which you can, and if you will write out any questions which you want me to answer or any data you want, 1 should be only too glad to Bend it to you at the very earliest moment.

1 received a telegram from our feotory at Lynn saying that the Mark 37 motor would be approximately 1SX/Z inches in diameter,

17 inches over the frame, and 20 inches to the end of shaft.

Yours very tiuly,


Ct^-X O («*,

April, 6, 1903

Mr. John M.Lansden,

Manager, Birmingham Electric JJ^g.Co.,

Birmingham, Ala.

My dear Ifr.Lansden,

Youre of the 3rd instant received. 1 think it would he better a till if you can get 40 cells in, as you suggest in your letter, as this will, of course, drop the current correspond¬ ingly and help out all around. 1 can hardly agree with you in number of points on the controller, as from experience with several hundred vehicles, 1 find that the controller as made to-day, has too few points, and find it is easier on the motor and gearing having more points, so that there is a longer time to get »t 0MW.

In regard to resistance points.theso are separate from the controller, and can be ordinary enamel rheostats or something similar geared to the c ont roll er, which only has a very few points. 1 rather in favor of having the reverse separate from the con¬ troller, as past experience has proved that giveB the best satis¬ faction. The Electric Vehicle Comoany of Hartford started in to make their controllers with rerers separate, changed to having reverse on the controller and have now changed back to the separate reverse again.

What type of check are you going to use on the steering mechanism? 1 am taking this up now on a gasoline electric touring oar, and have got hold of a very good thing. Perhaps we can swop


ideas on this matter.

I notice .lia c you say about the generator brake . Do you intend to use the electric brake by short-circuiting the motors themselves or by reversing the motors through a high resistance? If you will let me know which you intend to do,l will discuss the matter further with you. 1 wn looking forward to the blue prints.

X enclose you an outline blue print of the proposed motor. I notice that you do not intont having a removable plug or switch for open¬ ing the circuit when the machine is left. What, prevents this from being started by some person when the rig is left? 1’here have been one or two accidents in Yew York due to this point.

1 urn doing everything 1 esn to push th^se matters.

I note in the last p&ragr^i of your letter that 'the motor is new to you. It is practically the zoate motor 1 have been build¬ ing for the lust five years, but lately 1 have proved that it is superior to a'l other types of motors.

Your 8 very truly,

oV-c. .


the Birmingham Electric & Manufacturing Co.


Ala July 2nd. 1903.

I hajify your esteemed favor of the 29th. ult.; permit me to thank you fpr the information contained therein, which I receive and consider in the strictest confidence.

I am much surprised and disappointed at such news, which accounts for a certain vagueness and irregularity in Mr. Hill’s recent corres¬ pondence and various propositions. I could not understand why Hill, in his apparent position, should have difficulty in raising the neces¬ sary money for the construction and development of these first two . cars, from all that he said to me, since I of course had no reason to doubt his sincerity, in the least. Further, I entered into this work, in February, if you remember, on my own responsibility, in¬ tending to construct the two machines on lines that would meet with your entire approval, demonstrating the practicability of my ef¬ forts on these machines, in conjunction with your battery. Since then, Mr. Hill desired the work to be done on the responsibility of the proposed company, which he would organize, to build such cars.

Therefore I felt it only right that the proposed company look out for the financial end, which would be done, as we were so assured^repeatedly by Mr. Hill. I have devoted most of my time since the first of the year to this wprk, and neglected in a way the usual business of my company, in view of the possible future, and my desire to emgage actively in the electrical automobile field.

Realizing the importai

i of the battery factor, your experience




# 2. t.a.e: 7/2.

Birmingham, ala.

ana interest in this work, I do not care to associate myself or in¬ terests in any way, that would not meet your approval, from either a mechanioal or business standpoint.

I have made no contract with Hill, and would ask you to advise me just what to do in this matter. Would any association , of the right kind, with Mr. Hill make a difference in your interest or inclinations towards our work or results, or association?

I have both machines well under way, and propose to complete them, send them up to you, whether hearing financially or not from Hill, providing my designs and intentions are satisfactory to you.

When may I get the batteries for the two machines? I believe that these two cars, when fully developed, will meet the usual requirements in a commercial field, without difficulty, barring the

rubber tire question.

My ultimate object has been for the past few years, to turn out a common sense machine in every respect, andwith your valued opinions and suggestions, and interest in my efforts, I am anxiously await¬ ing the results of any test or trial you may give them, when com¬ pleted.

Thanking youn again, I am

Yours truly


/fc>3- o

The Birmingham Electric & Manufacturing Co.

Edison Laboratory, t~

\T^tZk^/Irrr^^ UJr^

I write tol inf orm^you thM; we have not yet been, able to hear from Mr.Chi|roliwpd, re^dkng the t^o ~mo t^r^for ofrr vehT^ icles. I cannot understand why we have ha^^o^^ply ^o^our lettegp.

All our calculations hwt ^een''&E^eTpi?"his motors. We’*have~now reach¬ ed the stage in our wKktwhere we nee^thfcm and thought perhaps you might be able to find out\ whether or not jre can^ST; these motors from Mr. Churchward in any reasonable time. We- have not taken the matter of motors up with the Westinghouse people, having counted on Mr. Church¬ ward. I write the Westinghouse Company to-day, to avoid any furthmr

Our machines are well under way and we will be ready for the batter¬ ies in about two or three. w^eks.

We have on hand two Elwell-Parker motors, approximately the same type as the proposed Cyperal Electric i with such windings, as to make them fit for our temporary service, if there is any delay on the other motor.

Referring to the storage battery blue print, 76B. , the best arrange¬ ment will require, for/ each machine, eight trays of five cells each.

We have. managed to get hold of very good materials, all the way through and have made several pronounced improvements^ occassioned by the practical construction. The' weights are well within the limits.

I have had on hand, for some time, a runabout, which I have been anxious to equip with a battery and get some service out of it or dis¬ pose of it. Are you in shape, at the present time to furnish us


the Birmingham Electric & Manufacturing Co.




Birmingham. Ala.

Mr. Thomas A. Edison, #2

a sat for a forty volt outfit? I am also anxious to mak# soma oompari Isons with tha naw machines.

Vary truly yours,



tCvx UZZZi' i^o ^-v»-wj , _ .

'(h UOliM. U<t.«4 l<~«

Hy dear -«V ^ ^ " W 3 -W

I have' returned from Bad iTauheim, where I LSI CX^L- V'-w^af’ iivjCeXXx.iJL 'W— ~ ^1 ^'-*'-"'4 vw»^' ^ . had my heart half-soled and heeled, and am now ready to

L*/V. Ut. WtJl'^ Lr^tUZZ*. -v- -UuC f*

consider) the Battery questd/on. Ily folks tell me that _ .

uA>vsr![ Lr\~J'X-t> t$y w* LC^

you have put your) Battery on the markaJt. \Ve had to Buy _ __

J- liiiAW <^-j<rT-v-M jr^w. (XL*. CjW.,v.~_*.^3?

18 electrics for ov^necjds in Buffalo and Hochester, where

°l eLtoc^yl'v. - ley)

we made our advent last July, Bp.it I am just as eager as "

M ia. itxXX ri™~~*C6 L-tc-iijz.

•when I talked with you* last to do something further.

uc U-e. - . J)

TOiat can you suggest? 1 &

L/irv— Ue.^^ ^ '¥*'

^1 n Yours very truly, c

4- - V-4 °2Y C/^ 1‘'W

r ^7 ,

Hr. Thomas A. Edison, ^ f/LA

Orange , t_— ■"'

Cx <>■?<• 4) -^-'^ -2-®-^ "

Yours very truly , c IJu£^_fS ,C^^v-Pra) Ht'W

3T. J.




New York Office, 44 Broad St.

;e, N.J. \jj

August 26,19q3

Thomas A.Edison, Esq.j Orange ,

Dear Mr.Edison:

1 am going on to Boston this wee o lay out new motor for my carriage to use in conjunction wit! 35 cells of your

battery. Prom there 1 am going on to Hov* tia for a two weeks'

vacation. Any communications will reaclyfae at Port Clyde,

Nova Scotia, care of Dr.Densmore,and if/ anything should come up,l should be only too glad to